Skin infection highly depends on the pathogenic properties of the yeast itself, but a huge role is played out by the immunological state of the person who is infected. Yeast infections on skin are a fairly common reason for people to pay a visit to their doctor and they are also one of the most common types of skin defects. A healthy skin represents a barrier for yeast to expand further, while skin which has surface damage can actually help yeast to grow and expand. These infections are nothing too serious, but they can become quite a nuisance, as well as many other skin diseases as treatment lasts for a long time, with a high chance of the disease to appear again. Transfer of the infection itself is at higher risk if you spend a lot of time in bigger collectives such as schools or kindergartens, with a possibility of yeast infection making its way from an animal to a human being and vice versa.
There are over 100.000 commonly known types of yeasts, with only about 50 being pathogenic. Yeasts are spread all across the globe and in every region there is a couple of different yeast types which dominate.
What type of yeast cause skin defects?
As I mentioned above, yeast can cause surface infection of the skin; more precisely of the epidermis as well as hair, scalp and nails. Yeasts are conditionally pathogenic organisms and usually tend to colonize the normal epistle such as Candida and Malasezia. Infection can penetrate into the deeper skin layers, which is a common case with patients who are suffering from a weak immunological system. Because of this, the pathogenic properties of the yeast initially depend mostly on the immunological system state, its response to the presence of skin yeasts as well as on the mucosa and localization.
The problematic of yeast infections in general has become very active due to wide usage of antibiotics as well as cytostatic preparations and many other medications which do actually weaken one’s metabolism. By improving the general hygienic environment, there is an obvious reduction in the number of diseased, but these infections are still very common due to their contagious properties and other factors which go in favor of infection and general spreading of the infection.
Children usually suffer from scalp infections, while young adults tend to acquire yeast infections on skin, under the breasts as well as in the oral cavity.
Treatment of said yeast infections
Diagnosis is usually established based on anamnesis and clinical image as well as mycological tests of the source of the infection which is made of a native microscopic preparation, cultural tests and a checkup done with a fluorescent lamp. Rarely, further diagnostic checkups need to be made such as pathohistologic test and others. Treatment is usually done by a specialized doctor, possibly dermatologist. Therapy depends on several factors, mainly on localization of the changes (hair, skin, mouth, under the breast etc.), as well as the degree of damage done to the skin, depth of impact and specific type of the yeast which has caused the infection.
It is necessary to follow through the entire therapy plan, which is usually done locally. There are many medications and preparations available for you to use, including antimitotic creams, oils, lotions, gels, sprays, pastes and many other which are used to treat such conditions. In some cases, a systematic treatment is required, most common with scalp infections and much rarer with other such infections. This is done if the local therapy is not showing good enough results.
Prevention of skin yeast infections
Prevention of skin based yeast infections is very important as you can easily prevent such an infection from happening completely. However, there are a lot of things you might need to change completely in your daily lifestyle, so you might have a couple of setbacks. It’s best to simply follow all of the following as this will dramatically decrease the chances of you acquiring an infection.
To begin with, you need to dry yourself up thoroughly after showering or a bath, as moisture is yeast’s best friend. Paired with your own body’s warmth and you got yourself an infection. Avoid wearing synthetic clothes as this restricts air flow which can dry everything up spontaneously. By keeping the moist environment persistent, you’re giving the upper hand to yeast infections from occurring and it’s only a matter of time before an infection starts raging. By following these simple guidelines you are significantly improving your chances of avoiding an infection.