Women are commonly reporting themselves to a doctor due to pain experienced in the breast area. Usually, this type of pain is not necessarily linked to a cancer, but women, who are experiencing any types of breast related abnormalities, including pain, should visit their doctor as soon as possible. About 70% of women have felt pain in their breasts in one point in their lives. Pain can appear in one or both breasts or below the armpit as well. The intensity of the pain experienced here varies, and about 15% of women require immediate treatment.
There are two main types of pain under right and left breast – cyclical and non-cyclical.
Cyclical pain under breast
Pain in the breasts can be related with the ways which are taken by the breast tissue and its reaction to monthly changes of the estrogen levels. If the pain is accompanied by lumps or areas where there is an obvious accumulation of tissue, this leads towards fibrocystic disorders. During a menstrual cycle, breast tissue sometimes swells up due to the hormonal stimulation which causes an expansion of the milk glands and channels. Besides this, breasts tend to retain water. They can feel swollen, painful and sensitive, with all of these symptoms ending by the end of the menstrual cycle.
On this particular type of pain which can be isolated right below the breast as well, about 75% of all complaints fall to. Even stress can have an influence on the hormonal levels, which increases the pain sensation. Physical activity, especially hard work also increases the chance for one to experience breast pain as the breast muscles may become inflamed due to physical activity.
Non-cyclical pain under breast
This type of pain is much rarer than cyclical and it has no relation to the menstrual cycle whatsoever. Women who are experiencing non-cyclical pain in their breasts commonly experience pain in one specific area. Causes can be injuries and trauma on the breast area as well as biopsy.
Breast cancer – how to recognize it
It’s not surprising that a large percentage of women think of breast cancer immediately when they experience pain under right and left breast. This cancer has taken its toll on the public as it is one of the most dangerous cancers out there, though it is treatable in most cases. As it is with all other types of cancers, the breast cancer is basically an accumulation of cells found in the breast gland tissue which have gone out of control and started to multiply with no rhyme or reason. This expansion causes destruction of the surrounding healthy tissue and since there are many lymph nodes and blood vessels in this area, cancer can easily enter the cardiovascular system and spread metastases across the entire body.
Because of this, breast cancer which has been recognized too late can have an effect on the entire body which further complicates things related to its removal. Breast cancer is a malicious condition which can happen to women of all ages. Causes aren’t known yet. Statistics say that hereditary factor and lifestyle represent crucial factors for its appearance. There is a great chance of breast cancer appearing in women who have relatives who have suffered from it, especially along mother’s gene tree.
With those couple of risk factors, it is important to know basic ways of helping yourself. Fortunately, your breasts and the area below them are easy to keep under control. With observing and probing of the area it is possible to discover some disorders which are related to the breast tissue itself – keep in mind that about 30% of such discoveries end up in breast cancer so it might just be a simple hormonal disorder.
Self-checkups should become some type of a habit for you and you should do it 5-10 days after your menstrual cycle has ended, always following the same routine of probing your breasts. Over time you will acquire an idea about the normal phase of your breasts, the firmness, radius and other physical properties which are used as a guideline. All women who are over 20 years of age should do this self-checkup at least once per month.
Keep in mind that breast cancer tends to grow without radiating any pain out of it. This is the main reason why most women report to their doctor too late, and it’s necessary to hold on to the rule that the doubt alone is good enough of a reason to go and get yourself checked up. Today’s medicine can easily establish a safe diagnosis of the condition, which is very important since breast cancer needs to be treated as soon as possible. This increases the chances of complete recovery a lot, as any postponing will complicate things a lot further down the line.
Other causes for pain under the breasts
Light pain, oversensitivity and pressure felt under the breast are all common disturbances shortly before and after menstruation. These initiate due to intensive hormonal excretion, which causes improved fluid accumulation in the breast, which then slowly swell up. After the menstruation has ended, these disturbances tend to stop.
During pregnancy, these disturbances are far more intensive. Pressure and pain in the breast report in within a couple of first weeks of your pregnancy. Stronger hormone excretion can cause creation of small crevices inside the breasts, which are basically like cysts and can be felt outside like tiny knots. These are commonly compared to shotgun shells. Breast inflammation can also cause severe pain, with these settling in for women who are nursing mostly. Along with the pain, a swelling will appear, the breast becomes red, warm and painful, with body temperature steadily increasing. It is necessary to continue with nursing and raise the swollen breast up, applying cold bandages to it at all times. If the treatment was initiated in a proper time, the advancement of this condition in particular may be stopped by using antibiotics. If there is a large accumulation of the pus, a surgical procedure will be required.