Everything you need to know about HIV

HIV is a virus commonly known as a cause for AIDS, which happens in advanced and final stage of HIV infection. If the person is infected with this virus that means that he or she is HIV positive. This infection doesn’t need to present with AIDS symptoms in a short while, but after some time the immunological system gets damaged, causing AIDS to initiate. Treatment and diagnosis is possible, but only in terms of prevention and retardation of the disease’s progress. Currently there is no cure for either HIV or AIDS.

HIV is also known as a retrovirus which attacks T-lymphocytes (CD4 cells) which are a crucial part of human immunological system. There are two main types of the HIV virus – HIV 1 which is spread across the globe and HIV 2 which is exclusive to Africa region.

Generally speaking, HIV virus is of spherical shape, with its outer shell being made out of 2 layers of lipid molecules. On its outer shell you will find small extensions which are proteins containing the outer and inner shell. The bare core of the virus is known as capsid. Main elements found inside the HIV virus are 2 RNA molecules, 3 enzymes and proteins which are necessary for the virus to replicate. Being a retrovirus, HIV has several steps in terms of viral replication and the anti-retrovirus therapy is designed so that particular replication cycles are dealt with. The virus penetrates into a healthy cell with assistance of its glycoprotein GP120 and other specific receptors on the surface of the cell being attacked. This receptor is a molecule of CD4 antigen which contains lymphocyte T4, monocytes and a set of mother cells.

Common symptoms of an HIV infection

About a month or two after HIV infection about 40 to 90 percent of people experience symptoms similar to flu. However, HIV symptoms sometimes stay hidden even years after infection. In an early phase symptoms aren’t even obvious so a lot of people find out rather late that there is an ongoing infection. HIV testing is very important, particularly if you practiced unprotected sex or you switched several partners. Here are some of the most common symptoms which can indicate an HIV infection.


One of the first signs of an HIV infection is when body temperature reaches into the 39°C region. It’s also commonly followed by other symptoms similar to flu such as exhaustion, swollen lymph nodes and throat ache. In this phase the virus spreads over blood and begins to replicate in large numbers. When this happens, the high body temperature begins as a reaction of the immunological system on the inflammation.


Inflammation inside the body causes a feeling of lethargy. This can be an early or a late symptom of an HIV infection. A large number of persons who are HIV positive say that exhaustion was experienced even during low intensity strain. Some people experience exhaustion as an early symptom and others after 20 years, so it’s important to test yourself as soon as possible.

Joint and muscle pain; swollen lymph nodes

All of the above may also represent symptoms of flu, mononucleosis, syphilis, hepatitis and other virus infections which doesn’t seem so extreme since all of these body parts are first to respond to an inflammation process. Lymph nodes are an important part of your immunological system and they can get inflamed in case there is an infection present inside your body. A lot of these are located in the armpit area, as well as the neck and loins.

Throat ache and headache

Similarly to the previously mentioned symptoms, throat ache and headache are common and can happen as flu symptoms. If you’ve been practicing a risky sex, HIV testing is definitely a good idea and something very responsible you can do as HIV is most contagious in its early phase. You should also know that tests which are proving presence of antibodies is not entirely reliable as these antibodies in blood begin to formulate only after a couple of weeks or months. If you would like to choose a most reliable form of testing, you should speak to your doctor.

Skin rash

Skin rash can occur as an early symptom of HIV infection, but also years after infections as well. With many persons who are infected with HIV, rash happened on the upper and lower abdomen region. This can easily be confused as an allergic reaction. If the rash doesn’t go away, despite any treatment methods you may take, consider taking an HIV test.

Noxiousness, vomiting, diarrhea

About 30 to 60% of patients have experienced vomiting and diarrhea in early stages of HIV infection. These symptoms can happen as a result of the anti-retrovirus therapy. Diarrhea which lasts for a while and doesn’t react to any type of treatment or medication may be a symptom of HIV infection, so definitely consider taking an HIV test.

Anti-retrovirus therapy is a term which specifies simultaneous usage of three or more different types of anti-HIV medicines.

Loss of weight

Loss of weight indicates an advanced disease and it’s usually accompanied with diarrhea. If you’re losing weight for no apparent reasons, your immunological system is most probably endangered. Some persons who are infected with HIV have lost almost 50% of body weight, despite the equal intake of food. If you lost 10% of your body weight, you’re experiencing diarrhea, feeling weak and have high temperature for more than 30 days, HIV test is inevitable.

Dry coughs

This is one of the symptoms which are first to appear, and patients often replace it with allergy symptoms. If the cough lasts for a while and gets worse over time with no results from the therapy, take an HIV test. Resilient dry cough which lasts for weeks is a symptom which is usually reported with advanced HIV patients so it’s important to react to the cough when it’s not too late.

Menstrual irregularities

Advanced HIV causes menstrual irregularities as well as difficulties such as increased body temperature and weak menstrual bleeding. These irregularities can also be caused by sudden weight loss and weakened immunity.

Everything you need to know about yeast infection and vaginitis

Vaginitis is a common inflammation of the vagina which can cause a discharge to occur along with itchiness and pain. The cause is almost always a disturbance in the balance of vaginal bacteria or other infections. It can also lead towards hormonal shifts, such as a reduced level of estrogen, right after menopause. Most common types of vaginitis are as follows:

  • Bacterial vaginitis,
  • Yeast infections,
  • Trichomoniasis
  • and vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis)

Yeast infections are definitely the most common type of vaginitis, characterized by vaginal irritation, intense itchiness and vaginal discharge. Vaginal yeast infection can affect vagina and vulva as well. You might have heard about this condition going about by the name of candidiasis and it’s fairly common. Three out of four women will experience one type of candidiasis during the course of their lives and with most of them there is a chance of witnessing it twice or more.

This particular infection is not considered to be sexually transmittable, even though it can spread over oral-genital contact as well. Treatment is usually highly successful, with a possible exception in form of periodic infections when they occur four or more times in a single year. In that case, a longer and more intensive therapy might be required.

Basic symptoms of vaginal yeast infection

Symptoms of vaginal yeast infection can be mild and severe, including itchiness and irritation, being most prominent around the vagina and vulva. Burning, particularly during sexual intercourse or during urination is also expected, while redness and swelling of the vagina is expected to appear sooner or later.

Vaginal pain and overall oversensitivity is the most common symptom, along with a thick white discharge coming from the vagina.

Most common causes of yeast infections

The vaginal yeast infection is always caused by yeast called Candida. This is a microorganism which is always present inside the vagina, together with bacteria. Vagina contains a balanced mixture of fungus and bacteria, with Lactobacillus being assigned to produce acids which are maintaining this ever so important balance.

If there is a disturbance of the healthy balance of any sort, whether this was hormonally caused or by any other cause, an excess production of the yeast will occur. Too much yeast in the vagina can lead to vaginal itchiness, burning and other characteristic signs and symptoms of a yeast infection.

In other words, vaginal infection can be caused by antibiotic therapy which usually leads towards a reduction of the Lactobacillus number inside the vagina, also causing shifts in the vaginal pH. This enables an excessive production of these funguses.

Pregnancy is a period where there is lot of hormonal changes and in some cases; this may cause a yeast infection to occur. Diabetes which is not kept under control is yet another common cause of all kinds of yeast infections, not just vaginal. Disturbances done to your immunological system can also cause more issues with proper bacteria and acid production.

Basically, all procedures which are changing the amount and type of bacteria which are normally present in the vagina, such as medical checkups, any type of pills may cause irritation due to inadequate vaginal moisture. Most commonly, vaginal yeast infection derives from one particular species of Candida yeast, known as Candida albicans. Sometimes, however, other types of Candida fungus may be causing the symptoms. Candida albicans responds rather well to typical treatment methods for yeast infections while other species sometimes pose more resistance towards conventional treatment and therefore require more attention.

Treatment of Candida yeast infections

Treatment of the Candida type vaginal yeast infection depends on the severity of the infection itself as well as how advanced it is. For treatment of mild to moderate episodes of yeast infections, your doctor will most likely recommend antifungal creams, oils, and pills etc. which are effective in treating yeast infections in most cases. These are applied once per day or once every three days usually. Your doctor might prescribe some of these medications while preparations might be available without receipt. Side effects coming from these medications are rare and might include a sensation of burning or irritation during application.

If you’re done with the prescribed treatment and your symptoms haven’t subdued yet, you need to contact your doctor as soon as possible, as you might be dealing with an advanced yeast infection.

Treatment of complicated yeast infection is required if you’re experiencing severe signs and symptoms such as overall redness, swelling and itchiness which leads towards creating lumps. Recurrent yeast infections (four or more times per year) are a definite sign that you require an advanced method of treatment. These include oral ingested medication as well as a specific regime of maintenance and hygiene, which is particularly important in case of repeated infections. This type of therapy usually lasts from 7 to 14 days and its focus is on preventing excessive production of yeasts and any other future infections to come. Therapy of maintenance initiates after an initial treatment and always includes pills which are taken orally.

Prevention of yeast infections

Yeast infections are also very dependent on your genetics and predisposition. Some people are having severe issues with prevention of the yeast infections and in most cases a severe therapy is required just to keep it all under control. Basic rules regarding yeast all revolve around establishing a proper dieting regime. Sugar intake should be kept at a minimum, as this is what yeast infections strive on. You might have noticed an excess of yeasts all over your body after consummation of sweet foods, which is easy to explain. Yeast feeds of this sugar and therefore you should really limit this resource as you will automatically be aiding your body in battling with the yeast infection. Also, if your partner is experiencing any of the above mentioned issues, with periodical yeast infections, the doctor will most likely recommend a treatment for your partner or usage of protection during sexual intercourse. With all that said yeast infections are common but might become a nuisance in terms of treatment and maintenance.

A look at yeast infections with men and women

Yeast infections are a fairly common cause of skin defects and are definitely a reason for which you should pay a visit to your doctor. We all have a huge number of different yeasts on our bodies, mostly inside the mucosa such as mouth, digestive tract as well as skin on hands and feet. There are more than a hundred different species of yeasts which are harmless for the human, but there are also about fifty variants which can cause local yeast infections on the skin, nails, scalp, and vagina or in the mouth. Rarely, more severe conditions may be caused by these infections.

A healthy skin represents a barrier over which the yeast usually can’t jump over. On their growth and penetration into the deeper layers of the skin a couple of factors have a significant effect. This mostly focuses on surface damage and the overall immunological condition of the person. Some people simply have a predisposition for yeast infection.

Unisex risk factors for yeast infections

Regardless of whether you’re a man or a woman, a couple of common risk factors apply to both genders. To begin with, wearing synthetic clothing is probably the biggest mistake most people make. Such clothes block air from circulating, which means that your skin can’t really breathe as it should. Also, same applies to shoes, which means that if you’re wearing closed lid shoes which are made of synthetic materials are airing at a very low level and therefore increasing the risk of developing a yeast infection.

Severe sweating, possibly caused by obesity is another common reason to trigger yeast infections, even though this isn’t directly the cause of them. Yeasts simply prefer moist and warm areas, which is why excessive sweating helps to create a suitable environment for yeast development. Along with this issue, a lot of people tend to dry them up rather shabbily after taking a shower or a swim, keeping the newly accumulated moisture.

On top of all that, your immunological system plays a significant role in repelling and preventing any type of a yeast infection. Diseases which are causing a weakened immunological state such as tumors or HIV infections are commonly a risk factor for yeast infections as well as the system which is usually designed to repel against them is weakened. Long term antibiotic intake can also cause yeast infections due to bacterial imbalances – antibiotics kill both harmful and beneficial bacteria in the process of treatment.

Most common infections are those on palms and feet

These types of infections are also known as tinea pedis et manus, and it’s caused mostly by using common hygienic spaces such as public showers, sport objects and all other locations where there are lot of people. Moisture and warmth being generated on pools and public bathing locations definitely helps to trigger any type of a yeast infection. By walking around barefooted, spores of the yeasts are easily spread, causing a common yeast infection known as athletic foot. This is usually much worse during the summer period, when the fungus infection may be conjoined by a bacterial one as well.

Diagnostic and treatment of yeast infections

Yeast infections are indeed chronic infections, which can’t be treated on their own. This means that a medical checkup is required, to provide a proper diagnosis which is a base for a good treatment. Untreated infections are a permanent source of infection for other individuals. A common tool for diagnosing yeast infections is a checkup done by Wood’s lamp, which is used to diagnose fungal and bacterial skin infections as well as any disturbances and disorders related to skin pigment. A typical microscopic checkup and an analysis of the microbiologic culture usually follow if the lamp test is positive.

Treatment is usually long-term as the therapy needs to be strictly followed. It’s very important to find the real cause for the infection, as well as to determine just how intensive and advanced the infection has gotten. Based on that information, we can decide for and go with the most appropriate treatment. In most cases the treatment is local, with antimitotic gels, oils, sprays and other types of supplements. With spread forms of yeast infections, as well as of infections of the scalp and nails, the treatment is systematic. Treatment of nail infection usually lasts for about 6 weeks, while an infection which has been localized on the feet can last all the way up to 12 weeks. Regardless of the case, it’s important to stick with the prescribed treatment as long as it is necessary.

Try out Home Remedies for Razor Bumps and Notice the Difference

Men too can have sensitive skin, and if you are a man, you would know very well how it feels when it comes to shaving. An irritation prone skin always has high tendency of having burning sensation when your hair is pulled out due to a quick shave. There are different types of razors available in the market, namely straight razors and safety razors. Some cut smoothly without causing any, and some needs to be applied twice or thrice to get a clean shave. However, none of them can guarantee you a cent percent flawless shave. So it is better to get prepared with some home remedies.

Different home remedies for you

No matter what type of razor you choose for yourself, it is significantly difficult to avoid razor bumps. The closest you shave, the more will be the chances of getting hurt. Try the below-mentioned remedies-

  • Apply hot compression to your skin by applying a piece of cotton after soaking it in water.
  • Apply Aloe Vera to irritated skin.
  • You can make use of the anti-inflammatory effect of a hydrocortisone cream.
  • Apply acidic lemon juice to razor bumps.
  • If you can press white tea bags against a razor cut, it will tan your skin and give a soothing feel.

Emphasize on prevention

It is good to keep changing your shaving set, including the cream and the razor you use on a regular basis. Sometimes, prolonged usage of the same razor can make your skin irritated. Some oils are used for home remedies for razor bumps that work to keep your skin safe from any irritation. These oils are namely-

  • Lavender oil- a burn reducing ingredient.
  • Seed oil extracted from sunflower- helps your skin come out of a greasiness
  • Castor oil- It will moisturize your skin.
  • Olive oil- It works as a lubricator on your shaved skin.

Natural treatment is necessary

There are a few other kinds of treatments that also can be done at home. If you develop itchiness on your skin and look for an instant solution to it, you can take help of some ayurvedic or aromatic solutions for that. If you treat yourself with naturopathic care, it is surely going to benefit you to a large extent. Sometimes treatment is not the only thing you need to be concerned about. After a severe cut or a burn, you can eventually face skin rashes and lot of eruption on skin. Since you need an overall skin healing, you will have to seek a long term treatment. Naturopathy opens the door for it.

Moisturizing the skin is important

Your choice to use a proper aftershave lotion is very important, as far as your skin is concerned. Post shaving, your skin needs to be moisturized properly and hence using an antibacterial, moisturizing aftershave cream is essential. You can use apple cider vinegar and cold water to add moisture base. You can apply crushed aspirin paste, honey, baking soda paste, milk, corn starch, etc. on the injured place. They heal your skin healed and leave it smooth.

Grunting Baby syndrome and treatment

Babies are known to make all kinds of different noises and sometimes (all the time) you may overreact to some of these. Despite being a normal thing, baby’s sobbing and outcries might actually mean something, but it’s important that you keep your head cool at all times. Babies simply don’t know themselves and what muscles need to be contracted in order to do a certain function, which is a difficult time for the baby as well as the parent, because the cries will be intensive and scary.

In most cases, babies are having difficulties understanding how to motivate their bowels to work. Coordination of muscles is critical here, which needs some time to be fully adapted and practiced. This causes their faces to turn red, almost purple and there are no further steps in terms of crying intensity, this is the peak. The problem can be easily dealt with by manual stimulation of the anus region, but there are some drawbacks to this method which I’ll be discussing a bit later, as it’s not always recommended. Other than that, there aren’t many methods of helping your baby other than letting it learn its own body and physiological mechanics along the way.

What is the grunting baby syndrome?

Once you get over the first comical impression of this syndrome, you’ll see that it’s quite overrated online and there is simply too much panic enveloped around it. Babies who are grunting usually experience regular stool, but will cramp up and seem to have issues with releasing it. If the baby starts to grunt when the stool is about to come out, and I mean really grunt (turning purple), there is a high chance of your baby dealing with this syndrome in particular.

This syndrome is caused by a simple lack of experience. A newborn baby needs time to learn about her/his body and this is a period all babies need to go through. It is unfortunate that they experience it in such intensive manner, but what can you do. As long as your newborn baby is being fed according to some general rules, it shouldn’t experience any type of digestive issues. Not understanding how to get that stool out is another type of a problem which is easily dealt with and there are no treatments or god forbid medications to be used.

Grunting baby syndrome should never be misplaced with constipation. Your baby’s digestive system is still developing – constipation usually follows in the later date and may be caused with some bacteria imbalances or possibly a bad diet routine.

What to do?

What you shouldn’t do is more important here. Don’t even think about giving any type of constipation medication to your baby, especially without doctor’s surveillance or advice. You should contact your baby’s physician in order to go through a regular checkup just to make sure that the problem is related to grunting baby syndrome and nothing more serious. Even if there is constipation, you can use a piece of cotton or a thermometer to motivate these muscles to work. Even during all that out crying noise your baby will feel these impulses and this might be enough for it to contract these muscles and voila – the problem is solved just like that.

Of course, this procedure might need to be repeated more than a couple of times in order to work and you will need to stay strong during this period. There aren’t many things out there in the world which are more intensive than your own baby’s cry, but it’s something both you and your baby need to go through.

You shouldn’t overuse the cotton method though, as this might have some possibly annoying consequences in the future. The best and most difficult way for you psychologically is to let your baby get to know itself more. Crying as intensively actually motivates the right muscle groups so if your baby is cramping up intensively and there is a confirmed condition of grunting baby syndrome, your baby is on the right track. Just let her get through this difficult period and use cotton methods or seek out any different methods of treatment if the problem persists for more than a single month.

In case your baby’s stomach feels swollen or you think that there might be something else causing your baby to cry, consult your doctor as soon as you can so that you eliminate any doubts and worries the proper way.

Home Remedies for Bv (Bacterial Vaginosis)

Nowadays, a very common cause of worry for most women is various vaginal infections and discomfort caused by the same. If you are a woman, perhaps you have faced this type of problems in your life too. If you feel such discomfort, you should immediately rush to see a doctor. Do you know there are a lot of options in your home too, with the help of which you can start taking care of your vaginal health? If not, this is high time for you to look into it.

Bv is not a matter to ignore

BV is normally not treated as a very serious kind of disease. It happens due to the disturbance that occurs due to the presence of bacteria in the vagina. There are two types of bacteria that are present in the vagina, one of which is namely good, and another is said to be bad. Sometimes the symptoms disappear right after appearing, while at other times, they take a day or two to go away. If it is acute, it stays longer. You definitely cannot afford to sit and wait for that moment when it would cease to exist. It is better to take precautions well in advance to stop those bacteria to harm you.

How to take precautions

There are ways by which you can prevent yourself from any vaginal infections. If you become a little conscious in maintaining your lifestyle, it will not become a serious concern in your life.

  • You have to lead your sexual life consciously and avoid multiple partners.
  • Conduct a pelvic exam. Collect some of your vaginal discharge and get it tested to ensure whether you have any infections or not.
  • If test reports come positive, and your discomfort increase, make sure that it is time for you to start home remedies for bv before it gets too late.

Learn how to cure it

There are different types of remedies that are available for you to try out at home. Take a look at them.

  • With the help of apple cider vinegar, you can increase the acid content in your vagina. Its acidic nature reduces the survival chance of the bad bacteria, and creates a healthy environment for the good ones to stay there. Just add two cups of it in water and apply it to your vagina.
  • Yogurt is another ingredient that if applied in the specified area, maintains the pH balance of your vagina. You need to apply it with the help of a soft cotton material.
  • Another natural antibacterial component is tea tree oil that if you use in your vagina after mixing it with lukewarm water, it will rinse the vagina thoroughly.

Stop worrying about bv

You can take the help of other home ingredients like fenugreek, milk, garlic. These are helpful to either prevent or cure any fungal infections in your vagina. Though the exact cause of bv is still unknown to doctors, but it is proven that bv can be controlled if there is proper proper diagnosis and timely treatment. Hence, this is the time to stop worrying about it and start taking wise decisions.