Yeast infections are a fairly common cause of skin defects and are definitely a reason for which you should pay a visit to your doctor. We all have a huge number of different yeasts on our bodies, mostly inside the mucosa such as mouth, digestive tract as well as skin on hands and feet. There are more than a hundred different species of yeasts which are harmless for the human, but there are also about fifty variants which can cause local yeast infections on the skin, nails, scalp, and vagina or in the mouth. Rarely, more severe conditions may be caused by these infections.
A healthy skin represents a barrier over which the yeast usually can’t jump over. On their growth and penetration into the deeper layers of the skin a couple of factors have a significant effect. This mostly focuses on surface damage and the overall immunological condition of the person. Some people simply have a predisposition for yeast infection.
Unisex risk factors for yeast infections
Regardless of whether you’re a man or a woman, a couple of common risk factors apply to both genders. To begin with, wearing synthetic clothing is probably the biggest mistake most people make. Such clothes block air from circulating, which means that your skin can’t really breathe as it should. Also, same applies to shoes, which means that if you’re wearing closed lid shoes which are made of synthetic materials are airing at a very low level and therefore increasing the risk of developing a yeast infection.
Severe sweating, possibly caused by obesity is another common reason to trigger yeast infections, even though this isn’t directly the cause of them. Yeasts simply prefer moist and warm areas, which is why excessive sweating helps to create a suitable environment for yeast development. Along with this issue, a lot of people tend to dry them up rather shabbily after taking a shower or a swim, keeping the newly accumulated moisture.
On top of all that, your immunological system plays a significant role in repelling and preventing any type of a yeast infection. Diseases which are causing a weakened immunological state such as tumors or HIV infections are commonly a risk factor for yeast infections as well as the system which is usually designed to repel against them is weakened. Long term antibiotic intake can also cause yeast infections due to bacterial imbalances – antibiotics kill both harmful and beneficial bacteria in the process of treatment.
Most common infections are those on palms and feet
These types of infections are also known as tinea pedis et manus, and it’s caused mostly by using common hygienic spaces such as public showers, sport objects and all other locations where there are lot of people. Moisture and warmth being generated on pools and public bathing locations definitely helps to trigger any type of a yeast infection. By walking around barefooted, spores of the yeasts are easily spread, causing a common yeast infection known as athletic foot. This is usually much worse during the summer period, when the fungus infection may be conjoined by a bacterial one as well.
Diagnostic and treatment of yeast infections
Yeast infections are indeed chronic infections, which can’t be treated on their own. This means that a medical checkup is required, to provide a proper diagnosis which is a base for a good treatment. Untreated infections are a permanent source of infection for other individuals. A common tool for diagnosing yeast infections is a checkup done by Wood’s lamp, which is used to diagnose fungal and bacterial skin infections as well as any disturbances and disorders related to skin pigment. A typical microscopic checkup and an analysis of the microbiologic culture usually follow if the lamp test is positive.
Treatment is usually long-term as the therapy needs to be strictly followed. It’s very important to find the real cause for the infection, as well as to determine just how intensive and advanced the infection has gotten. Based on that information, we can decide for and go with the most appropriate treatment. In most cases the treatment is local, with antimitotic gels, oils, sprays and other types of supplements. With spread forms of yeast infections, as well as of infections of the scalp and nails, the treatment is systematic. Treatment of nail infection usually lasts for about 6 weeks, while an infection which has been localized on the feet can last all the way up to 12 weeks. Regardless of the case, it’s important to stick with the prescribed treatment as long as it is necessary.