T4 Syndrome – Thyroid Gland

T4, also known as tyrosine hormone is responsible for metabolism regulation. Function of thyroid hormone act on almost every cell in the body. Its task is protein synthesis, bone growth and increase the sensitivity to catecholamine (adrenaline). It is essential for all cells function in the human body, regulates fat, carbohydrate and protein stimulating vitamin metabolism.

Thyroxin (T4) is the most important product of the thyroid gland and it has anabolic effect on the metabolism. The synthesis and secretion of T4 happens gradually – iodination, matching, storage and excretion. The release of thyroid hormones in the blood stream occurs, if necessary under the influence of TSH. Determination of T4 is very important in the evaluation of thyroid function. If a history or clinical findings elevated levels of TSH exist in the serum, indicates that the malfunction of the thyroid hormone to determine the increase or decrease of this hormone. The main part of T4 (>99%) is related for protein transport.

If the function of the Thyroid Gland is not in order it can be increased or decreased.


The concentration of T4 and T3 is increased in primary hyperthyroidism, meningococcal meningitis, viral hepatitis, malaria, toxic suffocation, hyperthyroidism, sub-acute thyroiditis, porphyria, acute psychiatric conditions, drug addiction, post-traumatic stress, depression, alcoholic cirrhosis and hereditary sclerosis.


Decreased concentration bond and free T4 is located in primary hypothyroidism because the thyroid gland produces less. Reduced concentration of T4 can be found in infections, breast cancer, sub-acute thyroiditis, diabetic acidosis, acromegaly, protein malnutrition, and liver cirrhosis, and celiac disease, protein losing enteropathy, nephritic syndrome, abortion and hirsutism.

Recommended food

For start, make sure you don’t eat food that contains gluten and start eating gluten – free pasta and bread. It is recommended to avoid foods containing thiouracil and all the goitrogens food since they affect the level of hormones in your body and interfere with the thyroid gland. Therefore NOT suitable foods are: broccoli, sprouts, soy and soy products and all foods containing refined sugar.

Avoid: soy and all soy products, gluten, peanut, pine nuts, strawberries, peaches, broccoli, cabbage and radishes.

Recommended supplements:

You can help your thyroid with a quality diet supplements, in the form of vitamins and minerals.

Not all the dietary supplements are good for your thyroid and many of them got an interaction with synthetic drugs that you are already taking as prescribed medication. Therefore it’s important to know what vitamins and minerals is necessary to take, and the ones that requires caution.

Recommended are: iodine, B vitamins, zinc and selenium, also foods rich with L – tyrosine.

Healthy thyroid with exercise

If you don’t move, neither your thyroid will. Exercise is an important factor in care for your entire health, but for the thyroid is crucial. If you are suffering from a disturbed thyroid, heavy exercises are not for you. It’s important to exercise up to maximum 70% of your power. Anything above that is too much and will result in further depletion of your body and it will create a new pressure on already disturbed thyroid.

Start with light exercises such as walking, aerobics, cycling and then increase your own endurance and strength. Be persistent and the results will be noticed very soon.


All about Percocet Withdrawal Symptoms

Percocet, an opiate prescribed to treat several pain contains acetaminophen and oxycodone. It is known that it’s highly addictive. The drug is packed in the tablet form and abusers who succeed with reproducing doctor recipes or they buy it on the street are known to sell 20 to 40 tablets per day (usual dose is one tablet every six hours). The possibility of use is considered on daily use for 2-3 weeks.

Daily addiction

Drugs like Percocet activate the brain that craves for more. Percocet users enjoy the feeling of the euphoric sense this drug provides and begin to crave for it. Their moods and feelings fall down when they don’t have the drug in their system and therefore focus all their attention on getting more. This can lead to unhealthy practices such as buying (or theft) other people’s recipes. Purchasing unregulated forms of drug online or trying to replicate the vaccine with the household materials or other drugs.

Reduced awareness

Percocet abuse can reduce people’s ability to think rationally and be fully aware of their surroundings. This could result in users putting him / herself in dangerous situations. Percocet abuse can also lead to confusing thoughts or unusual behavior – this can cause users to act in a way that they would never have considered without the drug.

Physical dependence

Although Percocet is prescribed by the doctors, there are side effects that attack the body. People who take Percocet can experience nausea, rash, constipation, dizziness and dry mouth. Long – term users are opened to serious complications such as kidney or liver damage, lower levels of testosterone and fatal respiratory depression, also they often have trouble getting off the drug, even if they want to. Longtime drug users may have trouble breathing and regulating the heart. The drug will interact with other central nervous system depressants such as sleeping pills, alcohol and sedatives.

Depression and withdrawal

Long-time drug users require more and more pills, they are often moody and anxious to get their dose. Relationships with the family, friends and others might suffer. Percocet users may find impossible to deal with everything except the purchase their next dose. They can suffer on the workplace, also loss of jobs due to the absence or delay. They may not be able to function as well as work. Also, they got problems socializing with their co – workers.

Withdrawal symptoms

Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramping, difficulties with regulating temperature, tremors, goose – flesh, muscle aches dialed pupils, irregular heart rate, runny nose, increased blood pressure, sweating, insomnia, fatigue, appetite changes.

Psychological side effects

Drug cravings, concentrating trouble, mood swings, anger, depression, irritability, agitation, anxiety.

Addiction with opioids – opioids are drugs that are proscribed due its analgesic properties, reducing of pain. It includes the substances such as morphine, codeine, oxycodone, and methadone. Opioids are more easily identified by names like: Kadian, Avinza, OcxyContin, Percodan, Darvon, Demerol, Vicodin, Percocet and Lomotil. While withdrawal may cause sweating, anxiety and clogged nose. In rare cases there are several sleep problems like tachycardia, hypertension and diarrhea. The doctor may prescribe methadone or buprenorphine for craving (replacement substances).


Short Leg Syndrome or Osteoarthritis?

People who notice that one leg is shorter than the other in old age may develop knee osteoarthritis according to a British study. The researchers have collected more than 3000 X – rays of people aged between 50 and 79 years old who suffered from pain in the knee or they had expressed risk factors for osteoarthritis. After 3 months it was prove that osteoarthritis changes in the knee affects persons whose one leg was longer than the other, the shorter leg was affected.

What causes short leg syndrome?

To the experts it’s not clear what causes the shorter leg besides osteoarthritis but the results of the study can help people to pay attention on preventive measures before this chronic and painful condition even starts. As a fact, this problem is unnoticed and undiagnosed, lots of people don’t realize they have legs with different length until they got diagnosed osteoarthritis.

Knee arthritis – destruction of articular cartilage. It affects people middle most commonly at middle or old age, woman on the other side are more often affected than men. Symptoms include joint pain during or after the movement, pain during weather change, swelling and stiffness of the joints, bone protrusions on the joints and loss of joint flexibility.

Important facts

Leg shorter than 3cm is usually treated with orthopedic tools and over 3cm are treated with operation. Vestibular dominance controls the balance and tends to travel ipsilateral down and up the spine. Therefore in a clinic setting we often see clients impressively load the balance dominant left leg during standing. Since motor cortex dominance crosses over to the contralateral side, the right sided extremities such as arm and leg will perform most motor dominant tasks such as throwing and kicking.

Symptoms: foot or ankle pain, fatigue, hard to balance while running or walking, nerve inflammation, knee pain in legs (both).

Diagnosis: It can be diagnosed with the X – rays, digital tomography or magnetic resonance imaging if needed.

Treatment of short leg syndrome

If the difference between the legs are less than 2cm, no treatment is required, from 2cm – 2.5cm are harder to heal. Treating short leg syndrome: shortening the long leg, usually done to patients that are tall enough. Slowing or stopping the growth of the leg. Complications exists in the lengthening the shorter leg but there is no limit on how longer the leg can be made.

Leg – length: structural and Functional:

Structural – a shortening of the bone from traumatic or diseased origins.

Functional – development of mechanics of the lower body, for example the foot supination, muscle imbalances and deep fiscal strain patterns.


Most often the healed broken bone may cause the short leg syndrome and it mostly results from bones that were broken in lots of pieces.

Limb length importance cannot be ignored and it’s the key feature in back pathologies. The proper visual use is paramount in distinguishing between limb (structural) length discrepancies. Measurement of the proper limb is essential. There is no single (hands-on) method proven to be reliable. This is the reason therapists should develop the holistic approach with eliminating aberrant limb (lower) while relieving and restoring play to feet and ankle bones. The therapists today must be aware of the importance of the limb inequalities, especially the short right leg.


Alcohol Poisoning Symptoms

We have all been there and suffered some kind of drowsiness which we don’t like to talk about but here are some things you may want to know: Hangover is caused by consuming too much alcohol. One alcoholic drink can sometimes be enough to start a hangover at some people, while others may have a lot more to avoid a hangover completely. Drowsiness is a group of unpleasant symptoms that develop after consuming too much alcohol. As a general rule, if you drink a lot of alcohol, it is very likely that you will be hung over the next day.

Unfortunately there is no magic formula by which you can safely drink alcohol and avoid a hangover the next day. However, if you choose to drink alcohol responsibly, it’s possible to avoid a hangover.

Consuming too much alcohol leads to alcohol poisoning

Alcohol poisoning is a serious and sometimes deadly consequence of drinking large amounts of alcohol in a short period of time. Drinking too much too quickly can affect your breathing, heart rate, body temperature, gag reflex and potentially lead to a coma and death.

Alcohol poisoning signs and symptoms include:

  • Confusion
  • Vomiting
  • Seizures
  • Slow breathing (less than eight breathes a minute)
  • Irregular breathing
  • Blue-tingled skin or pale skin
  • Low body temperature (hypothermia)
  • Passing out (unconsciousness) and can’t be awakened

The interesting part comes the day after consuming alcohol.

Hangover symptoms

  • Tired and weak
  • Headache, vomiting and stomach pain
  • Insomnia
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound
  • Dizziness
  • Reduced ability to concentrate
  • Mood disorders such as depression, anxiety and irritability
  • Increased heartbeat

Too much of alcohol consumption can sometimes lead to alcohol poisoning which is usually life-threatening.

Hangover treatment

There is no “treatment” for a hangover. The best way to avoid one is either not to drink or to drink sensibly and within the recommended limits. You should not drink more than you know your body can handle. A hangover has to run its course and that can be best done with:

  • Rest
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Painkillers

These things can help:

Eating – crackers, bread which can raise blood sugar and are easy on the stomach. Fructose – containing foods may help metabolize the alcohol more rapidly.

Drink – water through the day, it’s the best fluid.

Pain – some people take painkillers but be aware that certain painkillers such as Tylenol or paracetamol attack the liver. If you are unsure, better ask a qualified pharmacist or health care professional.

Rest – get some sleep and make sure you have some water next to your bed, you will recover faster.

When to visit a doctor

Talk with your doctor if you are concerned about the increased frequency of alcohol consumption, or when a regular hangover affects the quality of your life including your performance at work or personal relationships.


Maignes Syndrome: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment

Maignes syndrome or lumbar syndrome is the name for pain in the lumbar spine or lower back. The pain can be excruciating, sometimes intermittent appearing gradually or suddenly, unfortunately often repeated. High frequency of pain in the spine at adult population have led scholars to talk about “civilization diseases”. Nearly 8’% of people at least once in their life has experiences pain in their back, half of working – age people are complaining about the same problems and they are in seek of help of the doctors.

The pain is most common at people between 20 and 40 years, but at older patients the pain is more intense. Jobs that represent a major risk for occurrence of this condition are those that involve lifting, bending the body, turning, fetching high line facilities. It’s very important to know that despite great discomfort, 90% of the patients recovers in no longer than four weeks.

The most commonly affected structures of the spine degeneration process is the intervertebral disc which suffers with aging from biochemical and histological changes which can be detected by recording with the help of X – rays, scanners or magnetic resonance. It comes to weakening of the ring – collagen (protein) part of the disc and also reduction of the water content and substances that attracts water with ages. These two factors makes the disc less resistant to a mechanical stress. As the backbone carries a large part of a weight, the stress caused by static movements leads to a herniated disc.


Unhealthy lifestyles, a disturbance in the loins leads and overloads the spine. Due pinched nerve roots at some patients the pain spreads along the back of the leg to the foot. The causes of pain in the spine are usually a combination of factors that increase the risk of injury: aging, osteoporosis, disc herniation, weakness of the back muscles, physical strain, heavy lifting, bending, sudden awkward movements, increased bone mineral density, smoke, vibration, thickness tumors of the spine and organs in the pelvis and beyond.  The lumbar syndrome is divided into acute low back pain (less than 6 weeks), sub-acute (6-12 weeks) and chronic low back pain (more than 12 weeks).


The diagnosis of chronic low back pain begins with a careful clinical examination. The following is laboratory and radiological diagnosis, but only after calming acute symptoms or if the pain lasts longer than 6 weeks. X – Ray of the back does not benefit the majority of patients who have back pain because it doesn’t provide enough information. The diagnostics has improved significantly in recent years with the use of computed tomography and magnetic resonance – enabling a complete view of the spine and its contents with precision.

The treatment

The problems stop after a few days but can last up to 6 weeks. Treatment that requires pain in the spine can last weeks, months or even years. It can be conservative or surgical management in acute and chronic stage of the disease, it’s aimed to suppress pain eliminating the causes and prevention of recurrence of the disease. The weakness in one or both legs with bladder and sexual disorder can be a sign of cauda equine syndrome – this syndrome occurs due to pressure on the nerve plexus that exits from the bottom of the vertebral column. It represents a medical emergency that requires immediate surgical intervention.

If available forms of non – surgical treatment for the spine are not leading to reduction in pain and improvement of the condition, it’s required a review of the neurosurgeon who will decide if you need the operational treatment.


Fat Pad Syndrome

Fat pad is very common symptom and there are many possible causes for this problem. It’s very important to determine the precise diagnosis. Some of the most common causes of the pain in the heel are:

Fascitis plantaris is the most common cause of pain in your heel and due to the irritation and inflammation of the tissue that forms the arch of the foot. The usual symptom is heel pain after long walking and standing, also it usually occurs at people who have long – standing heel. Fat pad syndrome occurs when a large nerve in the back of the foot is trapped or pinched. Similar to the carpal tunnel syndrome hands, tarsal canal syndrome can cause pain in the feet.

Fractures are rare and they cause the pain in the heel especially at the athletes such as long distance runners who have heel pain. Pain in the back heel usually causes symptoms behind the foot rather than below. Causes may include tendinous of the Achilles tendon.

When to contact your doctor

If you are unsure of what the cause of the pain in the heel is or if you don’t know what recommendations for treating your condition are, you should seek some medical attention. Treatment of the pain in heel should be directed to the specific cause of the problem.

  • Signs that indicate the need for medical intervention are:
  • Inability to walk normal
  • Heel pain that occurs at night or while resting
  • Heel pain that lasts a few days
  • Swelling or discoloration of the back foot
  • Signs of infection including fever, redness and warmth
  • Any other unusual symptoms

Best treatment for heel pain

Treatment of heel pain entirely depends on the cause of a problem, so an accurate diagnosis is of great importance. If you are unsure what caused the pain of your condition, you should seek medical advice before beginning any treatment.

These treatments are not suitable for every cause but may be helpful in solving your problem:

Holiday – Avoid strenuous activity, for example take a few days off from running, prolonged standing or walking. The holiday is usually necessary to alleviate pain and allow calm inflammation.

Application of ice – ice usually can alleviate some of the symptoms and control pain in the heel and it’s helpful especially after an acute exacerbation of symptoms. Exercise and stretching usually helps to relax the tissue that surrounds the heel bone. Perform simple exercises in the morning and in the evening.

Anti – inflammatory medications helps to control the pain in a heel and receding inflammation. Non – prescription drugs are usually sufficient but the physician can provide better. Insoles are often the key to successful treatment of heel pain and it helps the patiens in performing routine activities that usually causes heel pain. Find out if you need to wear tube socks. Heel pads are relieving you of pain and pressure on the foot.

Improper walking involves walking with bent hips and buttocks withdrawn backwards. At irregular walking further affects all day sitting which makes the body bends forward.
Walking is healthy and simple physical activity that provides general health for the whole body.


Everything About Habba Syndrome (IBS)

Habba syndrome or Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common disorder that affects on the colon. It often causes cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, gas, diarrhea and constipation. Although the symptoms and signs are unpleasant. Only a small number of people with IBS have signs and symptoms. Some people can control the signs and symptoms of changing the diet, lifestyle and reducing stress. However, others will need to take drugs to feel better.

The causes of IBS

It’s unknown what exactly causes the irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The intestines are lined with the muscles that relax in a coordinated rhythm while passing food through them that comes from the stomach and goes to the rectum. IF you have irritable bowel syndrome, the contractions may be strong and last longer than normal and it will cause gas, bloating and diarrhea. Contractions of the intestine may be lower than normal, which causes the slow passage of food and leads to hard and dry turd.

Irregularities in the nervous system associated with digestion can also play a role causing discomfort experience when performing a major emergency. Poorly coordinated signals between the brain and the intestines can cause overreaction to your body and changes that occur in the digestive process. Such overreaction can cause pain, diarrhea of constipation.

Food also plays a role in the occurrence of irritable bowel syndrome. Allergy to certain foods or intolerance to certain foods can cause some of the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome. Many foods can cause it such as: chocolate, spices, fat, fruit, beans, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, milk products, soft drinks or alcohol.

Stress is also the factor. Most people with IBS believes that their signs and symptoms are heavier and more frequent during periods of increased stress but the stress can worsen the symptoms (but it doesn’t cause IBS).

Scientist believe that hormones cause changes in the state, especially in women. Many women believe that the signs and symptoms are harder to handle during their menstrual period.

Symptoms of the Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

The signs and symptoms of IBS may vary from person to person and often are resembled to other diseases, the most common are:

  • Abdominal pain and cramps
  • Bloated feeling
  • Gases
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • The mucus in the turd

Symptoms that may indicate more serious condition are:

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Abdominal pain which is becoming more painful, especially at night
  • Weight loss

Treatment of IBS

Since it’s not clear what causes IBS, in most cases mild signs and symptoms can be successfully controlled, controlling stress and changes in the diet and lifestyle. Try to avoid foods that trigger symptoms. Also try to do exercises, drink plenty of fluids and have enough sleep. If symptoms are moderate to severe, you need more than just changing your lifestyle.

Diet changes

Eliminating foods that inflates – of you are constantly swell, your doctor may suggest you to keep away food such as soft drinks and certain vegetables such as: cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower and raw fruits. Eliminating gluten – research shows that some people with irritable bowel syndrome feel better if they remove gluten from the diet. Gluten is found in the wheat and barley.


Accessories fiber – fiber intake with fluid can help control prison. Fibers obtained from food can cause bloating much more than the fiber supplements.

Antidiarrheal drugs – these drugs help to control diarrhea.

Antidepressants – if your pain include pain and depression, your doctor may recommend a tricyclic antidepressant of bone resorption inhibitor selective serotonin. These drugs may help relieve the depression and inhibit the activity of neurons that control the intestines.

Antibiotics – Some people whose symptoms are associated with the proliferation of bacteria in the intestines can benefit from antibiotics.

Alosetron (Lotronex) – a medicine that relax the colon and slowing the movement of waste through the lower intestine.

Lubiprostone – A drug that increases fluid secretion in the small intestine. Common side effects include nausea, diarrhea and abdominal pain.


Post – Finasteride Syndrome and its Side Effects

What are Finasteride tablets and its use:

Finasteride tablets contains active ingredient called finasteride. Finasteride belongs to a group of drugs called inhibitors of testosterone 5 – alpha – reductase. It reduces prostate in men when gets increased, the prostate is a gland located below the bladder. This drug produces a liquid which is an integral part of the seed (sperm). Enlargement of the prostate may lead to an condition called Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

What is benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)?

BPH is a benign enlargement of the prostate, in that condition it can press on the urethra. Following symptoms may occur:

  • Need for frequent urination (especially at night)
  • Feeling that the bladder must be emptied immediately, difficult start of urination.
  • Weak or interrupted urine stream
  • Feeling that the bladder is not empty by the end of urination.

Before you take Finasteride tablets, your doctor will do some simple tests to check if you have prostate malfunction. Talk to your doctor if you have any question about this.

What do you need to know before taking Finasteride tablets

Do not take Finasteride tablets if you are a woman (because it’s medicine for men only).

If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to the active substance (finasteride) or any other ingredients of this medicine. Don’t take this medicine if any of the above apply to you. If you aren’t sure, ask your doctor of pharmacist.

Taking Finasteride tablets

Take this medicine exactly as it’s described in the leaflet or by the doctor’s or pharmacist instruction if you are unsure. The recommended dose is one tablet each day. If you accidentally take too many tablets, contact your doctor immediately. If you forget to take Finasteride tablets, skip the missed pill and take the next one as usual. Do not double dose to make up the missed one. It’s important to keep taking Finasteride tablets for long as your doctor has told you, even if you don’t feel immediate improvement.

Possible side effects

Like all the medications, this medicine can cause side effects although not everybody gets them. The following side effects may occur when using this medicine:

  • Allergic reactions

If you have an allergic reaction, stop taking the drug and contact your doctor immediately.

Signs of an allergic reaction may include:

  • Skin rash
  • Itching
  • Swelling of the lips, tongue, throat and face

Other side effects may include:

  • Inability to achieve an erection (impotence)
  • Decreased desire for sex
  • Difficulty with ejaculation (reduced amount of seminal fluid during sex, which probably doesn’t affect normal sexual function).

Other side effects occurred at men:

  • Swelling and / or breast tenderness
  • Palpitations (feeling of increased heart palpitations)
  • Changes of the liver function that can be noticed in blood test.
  • Inability to achieve an erection, which can be continued after drug discontinuation
  • Infertility in man and / or decreased semen quality.
  •  Depression
  • Decreased libido which may continue after drug discontinuation
  • Problems with ejaculation which can be continued after discontinuation of the drug.

If you notice any side effects, please contact your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this text.


Nerve Injury – Double Crush Syndrome

A patient with one peripheral nerve lesion may also have a second lesion elsewhere in the course of the nerve. Both lesions could contribute to the symptoms of the patient. The nerve cell body produces material that is necessary for normal function of the axon. The material travels distally along the axon. Break down products return in a proximal direction by the axonal transport mechanism. Disruption of the synthesis or blocked of transport of these materials (ante grade / retrograde) increases sustainability of the axon to compression.

Causes of Double Crush Syndrome

Edema and impaired neutral blood flow, neuropathy, diabetes and decreased nerve elasticity such as in fibrosis. Compression of the nerve at a point lowers the threshold for occurrence of compression neuropathy at another point distal or proximal at the same point by interfering with the axon transport mechanism. The outcome of surgical decompression may be disappointing unless both compression areas are treated.

C5 – C6 is the most common level that is affected in the neck.

The EMG of the patient will show fibrillation or sharp waves in the biceps, extensor carpi radialis longus, and the extensor carpi radialis brevis muscles. This is different than the findings in carpal tunnel.

Common “Double Crush” Symptoms

  • Cervical Root Compression and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: (medial nerve)
  • A lessor compression in median nerve at the carpal tunnel as seen in the EMG (distal sensory latency) will produce symptoms when proximal cervical lesion is present.
  • Coexisting cervical root compression is one of the main reasons for persistent residual symptoms following carpal tunnel relief.
  • Physicians should not develop tunnel thinking, blaming tunnel syndrome when seeing patients, instead consider possibility of causes with a widener diagnostic approach which includes EMG and nerves studies from neck down.
  • Persistence of the system of symptoms after initial treatment of nerve entrapment is an indication to search for another site of compression.
  • Lots of patients who suffer carpal tunnel syndrome got damaged cervical roots.

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome and Guyon’s Cannel Syndrome:

  • The ulnar nerve enters the palm of the hand through the Guyon’s Canal.

Also there are:

  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Cervical Nerve Root Compression and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome and Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
  • Cervical Nerve Root Compression and Radial Tunnel Syndrome

Patients with electromyography type tests and clinical evidence are often complaining over pain in their elbow, shoulder, upper arm, forearm and back (front) of the chest. Double crush is where you’re pinching the nerves out of the lower cervical spine in the brachial plexus, those nerves travel down to your shoulder, arm all the way down into the hands and fingers. There is a test on how to identify carpal tunnel, patient needs to hold their thumb and little finger together and hold it real hard. If a person can’t hold that together he got double crush syndrome. What we are seeing now is how to identify problems.

Treatment involves applying to all pain point along the nerve, not only at the single site depending on the nerve involved.


Post Menstrual Syndrome Revealed

PMS or Post Menstrual Syndrome is a highly stressful issue in most women. Uterus is at the root of it all, with first menstrual cycle beginning with girls at about 12-14 years of age. This trend has changed a lot in the last couple of years since it has been proven over and over again that girls start their periods at a much sooner age. During the first year menstrual cycle can be irregular, as hormones are still balancing out. Regular menstrual cycle tends to last 28 days on average. Age is a critical factor in terms of determining whether or not a menstrual cycle is out of the allowed threshold. Thin women and athletes usually have longer menstrual cycles, with less prominent post menstrual syndrome symptoms afterwards, while obese women tend to experience much more emotional and physical problems during this period after the cycle.

Emotional and physical symptoms of PMS

After the menstrual cycle ends, 3 in 4 women show some symptoms that indicate towards a variation in hormones of concentration of hormones. Emotional oversensitivity is very common. Women complain to a list of symptoms including depression, anxiety, anger and anxiousness, as well as weakened focus or a subtle loss of memory. However, when it comes to mental focus, tests have shown that women who aren’t affected with PMS score the same as women who are suffering from PMS in intelligence and attention tests. It is estimated that this disorder affects 5-8% of women in their reproduction years. These symptoms may come obvious with most menstrual cycles, with them becoming worse in about a week prior to the menstrual cycle. A sudden relief of symptoms is also usual. It is necessary to note that some women experience sudden bursts of positive and creative energy during this period. This closely correlates to the sexual drive of individual women (libido), which makes the differences among symptoms of the correlating post menstrual syndrome symptoms.

What are the causes of PMS?

Excessive exercise and being overweight, as well as drastic weight changes can vastly affect the balance of hormones that are controlling the post menstrual symptoms. If this is not kept under control, PMS can become a severe issue. This is why PMS has been recognized as a true and valid problem with professional female athletes throughout the world. Infertility is just one of the most extreme issues that this can lead to but it gives you an idea about the severity of the problems that can arise. Other medicinal therapies may also have a huge impact on hormonal stability in regards to the menstrual cycle. Cancer therapies can destroy follicles and completely annihilate the functions of ovaries, with Turner’s syndrome being a rare genetic disorder with which there is a missing X chromosome, so there are no functional ovaries to be developed. Issues with thyroid gland and hormones that are being excreted from the gland, both lack of or an excess, can completely stop the menstrual cycle. Cushing’s disease can also cause many problems related to PMS.